5.2.16
08/20/2017
Last Modified 04/12/2014 by Hanns Mattes
Wiki/TextFormat Reload Page

Sample Page for Wiki Markup

General Notes

The markup described is a combination of the WikkTikkiTavi and coWiki markup styles.

All text is entered as plain text, and will be converted to HTML entities as necessary. This means that <, >, &, and so on are converted for you (except in special situations where the characters are Wiki markup; the Wiki is generally smart enough to know when to convert and when not to).

Just hit "return" twice to make a paragraph break. If you want to keep the same logical line but have to split it across two physical lines (such as when your editor only shows a certain number of characters per line), end the line with a backslash \ and hit return once. This will cause the two lines to be joined on display, and the backslash will not show. (If you end a line with a backslash and a tab or space, it will not be joined with the next line, and the backslash will be printed.)

Inline Formatting

//emphasis text// emphasis text
**strong text** strong text
//**emphasis and strong**// emphasis and strong
'''bold text''' bold text
''italic text'' italic text
__underline text__ underline text
{{teletype text}} teletype text
,,subscript,, text subscript text
^^superscript^^ text superscript text
@@--- delete text +++ insert text @@ delete text insert text
@@--- delete only @@ delete only
@@+++ insert only @@ insert only
##red|red text## red text
##FFFF00|yellow text## yellow text

Literal Text

If you don't want the wiki to parse some text, enclose it in two backticks (not single-quotes).


This //text// gets **parsed**.

``This //text// does not get **parsed**.``

This text gets parsed.

This //text// does not get **parsed**.

Headings

You can make various levels of heading by putting plus-signs before the text (all on its own line):


+++  Level 3 Heading

++++ Level 4 Heading

+++++  Level 5 Heading

++++++ Level 6 Heading

Level 3 Heading

Level 4 Heading

Level 5 Heading
Level 6 Heading

Text Alignment

You can center align paragraphs by starting it with an equal sign.

= Center aligned text

Center aligned text

Table of Contents

To create a list of every heading, with a link to that heading, put a table of contents tag on its own line.

[[toc]]

Horizontal Rules

Use four dashes (----) to create a horizontal rule.


Lists

Bullet Lists

You can create bullet lists by starting a paragraph with one or more asterisks.

* Bullet one
 * Sub-bullet

  • Bullet one
    • Sub-bullet

Numbered Lists

Similarly, you can create numbered lists by starting a paragraph with one or more hashes.

# Numero uno
# Number two
 # Sub-item

  1. Numero uno
  2. Number two
    1. Sub-item

Mixing Bullet and Number List Items

You can mix and match bullet and number lists:

# Number one
 * Bullet
 * Bullet
# Number two
 * Bullet
 * Bullet
  * Sub-bullet
   # Sub-sub-number
   # Sub-sub-number
# Number three
 * Bullet
 * Bullet

  1. Number one
    • Bullet
    • Bullet
  2. Number two
  3. Bullet
  4. Bullet
    • Sub-bullet
      1. Sub-sub-number
      2. Sub-sub-number
  5. Number three
    • Bullet
    • Bullet

Definition Lists

You can create a definition (description) list with the following syntax:

: Item 1 : Something
: Item 2 : Something else

Item 1
Something
Item 2
Something else

Block Quotes

You can mark a blockquote by starting a line with one or more '>' characters, followed by a space and the text to be quoted.

This is normal text here.

> Indent me! The quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog. Now this the time for all good men to come to the aid of their country. Notice how we can continue the block-quote in the same "paragraph" by using a backslash at the end of the line.
>
> Another block, leading to...
>> Second level of indenting.  This second is indented even more than the previous one.

Back to normal text.

This is normal text here.

Indent me! The quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog. Now this the time for all good men to come to the aid of their country. Notice how we can continue the block-quote in the same "paragraph" by using a backslash at the end of the line.
Another block, leading to...
Second level of indenting. This second is indented even more than the previous one.

Back to normal text.

Links and Images

Wiki Links

SmashWordsTogether to create a page link.

You can force a Wiki page name not to be clickable by putting an exclamation mark in front of it.

SmashWordsTogether !SmashWordsTogether

SmashWordsTogether SmashWordsTogether

You can force a Wiki page to be clickable even if it does not match the page name format by putting the name in parentheses.

((Wiki/Page))

Wiki/Page

You can also use this format to create a "described" or "labeled" link or to add an anchor target.

((Wiki/Page|Descriptive text for the link.#anchor))

Descriptive text for the link.

Interwiki Links

Interwiki links are links to pages on other Wiki sites. Type the SiteName:PageName like this:

PHP Manual Links

PHP manual links are links to the PHP manual on the php.net web site.

[[php strtolower]]

strtolower

URLs

Create a remote link simply by typing its URL: http://www.horde.org.

If you like, enclose it in brackets to create a numbered reference and avoid cluttering the page; [http://www.horde.org/] becomes 1.

Or you can have a described-reference instead of a numbered reference:

[http://www.horde.org Horde]

Horde

On-Page Links

Create an anchor on the page by [[# anchorName nice anchor text]] nice anchor text and refer to it by #anchorName #anchorName, or [#anchorName use normal link renaming] [#anchorName use normal link renaming].

Images

You can put a picture in a page with [[image foo.jpg]]. You can use any file type, but most browsers only support GIF, JPEG, and PNG formats. The filename can either be a relative reference (in which case the wiki looks for a file attached to the current page - or a different wiki page if the file name is prefixed with a page name, e.g. [[image SomePage:foo.jpg]]), an absolute reference which begins with a slash (in which case the wiki uses it to retrieve a file relative to the web server's root), or a full, external URL.

Additional attributes, such as "alt" can follow the image filename or URL like so: [[image foo.jpg alt="A Foo JPEG"]]. "link" is a special attribute which makes the image a link to the specified URL.

Application Content

Application Blocks

Content from other Horde applications provided by portal blocks can be embedded into a page using [[block]] tags.

To include Horde's moon phases block for example:

[[block horde/Moon phase=next hemisphere=northern]]

Guest user is not authorized for Horde (Host: ec2-54-198-113-51.compute-1.amazonaws.com).

Application Links

Links to other Horde applications is supported if those applications support API links. The Wiki itself supports such an API to link to individual wiki pages:

[[link Link to some other wiki page|wiki/show page=Wiki/Page]]

Link to some other wiki page

Code Blocks

Create code blocks by using <code>...</code> tags (each on its own line).

This is an example code block!

To create PHP blocks that get automatically colorized when you use PHP tags, simply surround the code with <code type="php">...</code> tags (the tags themselves should each be on their own lines, and no need for the <?php ... ?> tags).

 <code type="php">
 // Set up the wiki options
 $options = array();
 $options['view_url'] = "index.php?page=";

 // load the text for the requested page
 $text = implode('', file($page . '.wiki.txt'));

 // create a Wiki objext with the loaded options
 $wiki = new Text_Wiki($options);

 // transform the wiki text.
 echo $wiki->transform($text);
 </code>

// Set up the wiki options
$options = array();
$options['view_url'] = "index.php?page=";

// load the text for the requested page
$text = implode('', file($page . '.wiki.txt'));

// create a Wiki objext with the loaded options
$wiki = new Text_Wiki($options);

// transform the wiki text.
echo $wiki->transform($text);

API references can be generated using <function> tags.

<function>
name:listUsers
access:public
param:string,Filter users by this string.,'USER'
returns:array
throws:Exception,if user backend not available.
</function>

Rendering of this rule is broken as of Text_Wiki 1.2.1, usage is discouraged.

HTML Markup

You can add native HTML markup using <html>...</html> tags.

<html>
<div style="border:2px double blue"><strong>HTML</strong></div>
</html>

This rule is disabled by default.

<html>
<div style="border:2px double blue"><strong>HTML</strong></div>
</html>

Tables

You can create tables using pairs of vertical bars:

||~ Heading one ||~ Heading two ||
|| cell one || cell two ||
|||| big ol' line ||
|| cell four || cell five ||
|| cell six || here's a very long cell ||

Heading one Heading two
cell one cell two
big ol' line
cell four cell five
cell six here's a very long cell

|| lines must start and end || with double vertical bars || nothing ||
|| cells are separated by || double vertical bars || nothing ||
|||| you can span multiple columns by || starting each cell ||
|| with extra cell |||| separators ||
|||||| but perhaps an example is the easiest way to see ||

lines must start and end with double vertical bars nothing
cells are separated by double vertical bars nothing
you can span multiple columns by starting each cell
with extra cell separators
but perhaps an example is the easiest way to see